An oven element is crucial for effective cooking and baking. Sometimes, it may appear as though your oven isn’t heating up properly. In such cases, testing the oven element is prudent to determine if it’s the source of the problem. Follow these simple 12 steps to test your oven element.
Step 1: Turn Off Power Supply
First and foremost, turn off the power supply for safety reasons. Switch off the oven and unplug it from the electrical outlet.
Step 2: Open the Oven Door
Open your oven door to access the oven cavity and locate the element you want to test.
Step 3: Remove Oven Racks
Take out any oven racks to create more working space inside the oven.
Step 4: Identify Oven Elements
Look for the heating elements present in your oven. There are generally two types of elements — a bake element at the bottom and a broil element at the top.
Step 5: Remove Screws
Locate any screws holding the element brackets in place. Use a screwdriver to gently remove them.
Step 6: Pull Out Element
Carefully pull out the element until you expose its wiring.
Step 7: Disconnect Wires
Gently disconnect wires connected to the element terminals. Remember to note down their positioning for easier reassembly later on.
Step 8: Set Your Multimeter
To perform a resistance test, set your multimeter or ohmmeter to its lowest resistance setting (usually denoted by Rx1).
Step 9: Attach Test Leads
Attach one test lead of your multimeter to one terminal of the oven element and attach another lead to another terminal.
Step 10: Note Down Resistance Readings
Observe your multimeter’s display for resistance readings. A functioning bake element should typically have a reading between 20-40 ohms, while a working broil element should range between 25-45 ohms.
Step 11: Analyze Results
If your multimeter displays no resistance (no reading) or extremely low resistance, it indicates that the element is faulty and needs to be replaced.
Step 12: Reassemble the Oven
Lastly, reattach the wires to their respective terminals, place the heating element back into position, and put the screws back in. Replace the oven racks, close the oven door, plug in the oven, and restore power.
Now that you’ve learned how to test an oven element in 12 simple steps, you can reassure yourself of the proper functioning of your oven or take the necessary steps to replace a faulty element. Keep in mind that it’s always better to handle electrical appliances with care and consult a professional if unsure of any procedure.
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